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When in Peru, it is worthwhile to visit wonderful World Heritage Site Machu Picchu
"Feels amazing to visit a place that's been at the top of your bucket list for years! Yes, it's Machu Picchu and it's better than I imagined," wrote Facebook friend and ex-student Deepali Nimbalkar, who works as an environment scientist in Pune after she visited UNESCO World Heritage Site – the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu in Peru of Latin America and the Caribbean.

“Few romances can ever surpass that of the granite citadel on top of the beetling precipices of Machu Picchu, the crown of Inca Land,” once wrote Hiram Bingham, the discover of the place adding that “In the variety of its charms and the power of its spell, I know of no other place in the world which can compare with it.”

Machu Picchu is an amazing 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge over 2,400 metres above sea level marked by the Sacred Valley and the Urubamba River as other land marks.

In the local Quechua language, machu means ‘old ’, while pikchu means ‘peak’. It is widely believed that the Incas built the estate around 1450 which remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham brought it to international attention in 1911.

Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls with three primary structures. These being: the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.

To promote tourism, the outlying buildings have been restored with reconstructed but the restoration is continuing in other parts of the historic site.  Recently, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide on-line poll.

The semicircular Sun Temple is built as a parabolic enclosure wall with the stonework is of ashlar quality which also a rock platform.  The "Serpent's Door" opens onto a series of 16 pools, and it also affords a view of Huana Picchu.

The temple also has two trapezoidal windows called the Solstice Qullqa Windows, while carvings on rock bottom of the temple worked as water mirrors for observing the sky. Thus, Intihuatana is believed to have been designed for astronomical measurements by the Incas

Moreover, the central buildings use the classical Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape.  The site indicates that the Incas had mastered the technique of ashlar, in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar.

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